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A few tips with FFMPEG

🕒 2 min read

Category: Linux

Tags: ffmpeg, linux, video

-acodec is an alias for -c:a which is an alias for -codec:a (audio stream).
-vcodec is an alias for -c:v which is an alias for -codec:v (video stream).

-af is an alias for -filter:a (audio stream).
-vf is an alias for -filter:v (video stream).

Add embedded subtitles

sudo apt install subtitlecomposer

In subtitlecomposer, import the video, add subtitles, and export the file as filename.ass. Edit the exported text file, change the font from 16px to 22. Then:

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf ass=filename.ass output.mp4

Create a GIF



ffmpeg -v warning -i input.mp4 -vf "$filters,palettegen" -y $palette
ffmpeg -v warning -i input.mp4 -i $palette -lavfi \
    "$filters [x]; [x][1:v] paletteuse" -y output.gif

Crop an OGV video

ffmpeg -i input.ogv -vcodec libtheora -vf crop=700:400:0:0 -f ogg output.ogv

Merge an audio track (delayed) with a video, and cut the final video according to the shortest stream

ffmpeg -itsoffset 00:00:15 -i input.mp4 -i audio.mp3 -acodec copy -vcodec copy \
    -map 0:0 -map 1:0 -shortest output.mp4

Cut a video (set the starting time and the duration)

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -ss 00:00:13 -t 00:09:00 -c copy output.mp4

In case you have a few seconds of blank video at the beginning, it is due to key-frames. Here is a command, way less accurate, but that will fix it:

ffmpeg -ss 00:00:13 -i input.mp4 -t 00:09:00 -c copy -avoid_negative_ts 1 output.mp4

More information.

Extract EVERY image from a video

ffmpeg -i foo.avi -r 1 -s WxH -f image2 foo-%03d.jpeg

Create a 24fps video from many images

ffmpeg -framerate 1 -i foo-%02d.jpg -c:v libx264 -r 24 -pix_fmt yuv420p foo.mp4

Accelerate a video by 2

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -filter:v "setpts=0.5*PTS" output.mp4

Flip by 180° a video and fix the metadata

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf "transpose=2,transpose=2" -metadata:s:v:0 rotate=0 output.mp4

Remove the audio stream

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -an -vcodec copy output.mp4

Convert from .mov to .mp4

ffmpeg -i input.mov -c:v libx264 -c:a copy output.mp4

Concatenate several MP4 files

find . -type f -iname "*.MP4" -exec ffmpeg -i '{}' -c copy -bsf:v h264_mp4toannexb -f mpegts '{}.ts' \;
ffmpeg -i "concat:$(ls *.ts | tr '\n' '|' | head -c -1)" -c copy -bsf:a aac_adtstoasc output.mp4

Replace the audio track with another

ffmpeg -i output.mp4 -i yo.mp3 -map 0:0 -map 1 -vcodec copy -acodec copy output2.mp4

(Down) Scaling a video from 1080p to 720p

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vf scale=1280:-1 -acodec copy output.mp4

Concat MTS files to MP4

ffmpeg -i "concat:$(ls *.MTS | tr '\n' '|' | head -c -1)" -vcodec copy -acodec aac -ab 512k -cutoff 22050 -sn output.mp4

Reduce the size of a video

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vcodec libx265 -crf 24 -r 25 output.mp4
# OR if libx265 is not supported
ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -vcodec libx264 -crf 24 -r 25 output.mp4